Dry Eye Syndrome: What Is The Reason?

The outer surface of the eyeball should always be moistened. The special glands of the ocular mucous membrane produce a tear fluid. But 70% of people suffer from dry eye symptom, which can lead to serious consequences.

When the eye blinks, the tear spreads evenly over the entire surface of the eye, forming a protective film. When the production of tears decreases the dry eye syndrome develops. Dryness in the eyes is a subjective sensation that arises due to a lack of the eyes moisturizing.

What Are the Symptoms Of Dry Eyes?

• Feeling of burning and irritation.
• Periodic fogging or visual acuity.
• Increased lacrimation, especially when reading, driving, or watching TV
• Appearance of mucous viscous secretions of whitish color, especially in the mornings.
• Photophobia.
• Impossibility to wear contact lenses.

The presence of these symptoms does not mean that you have dry eye symptom for sure. However, if you have one or more of the listed symptoms, urgently consult an ophthalmologist for a complete examination.

Reasons Of The Dryness In The Eyes

There are many reasons for the appearance of this symptom.

1. Ocular problems.

• After different types of ocular surgeries, such as cornea transplant, the dry eye syndrome may develop.
• Eye drops. Many medications that are instilled for a long period can cause the appearance of this symptom. These include: steroid eye drops and drugs that reduce eye pressure.
• Chronic blepharitis. The reason for the significant percentage of dry eyes is the insufficient amount of the secret, which is produced by the meibomian glands of the eyelids.
• Lagoftalmus. Incomplete closure of the eyelids due to aging and flabbiness of the eyelid muscles or as a complication after the eyelid surgery.

2. Systemic diseases.

Such diseases as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, shingles, lead to a decreased tear production and the development of dry eyes.

3. Hormonal changes. Hormonal changes associated with menopause are the main cause of dry eye development in women.

4. Continuous medication. A wide range of medicinal products can cause dry eyes (diuretics, beta-blockers, sleeping pills, antidepressants, antihistamines)

5. Physical factors. Aggressive environmental conditions can lead to the development of a dry eye.

Dry Eye Symptom Treatment

Dry eye syndrome, as a rule, is a chronic condition. In most cases, as a result of treatment, there are improvements and relief of the eyes.

• Artificial tears. Eye drops are artificial tears in composition similar to our own tears. They moisten the eyes and help preserve moisture. There are a lot of options on the market, so you can try a few to find the one that you like. It is recommended to use artificial tears without preservatives.

• Glands massage. Massage of the meibomian glands of the eyelids is recommended with the chronic inflammation of the eyelids, with insufficient production of the secretion.

Things that you should not do when dry eye symptoms appear:

• take any medications on your own;
• bury vasoconstrictive eye drops without prescribing a doctor;
• wear soft contact lenses.

If you do not treat the symptom of dry eyes, it is possible to develop such complications as: corneal inflammation, corneal ulcer, loss of vision.

Prevention of Dry Eyes

If you have initial symptoms of dryness in the eyes, you need to do the following thing to prevent the complication:

• Blink more often. When using a computer, smartphone or other digital device, we tend to blink less often. As a result, dry eyes can develop. Make a conscious effort and blink more often when using these devices.

• Take frequent breaks while using your computer.

• Avoid aggressive environmental factors. A person with dry eyes should avoid anything that can exacerbate these symptoms. For example, being in an excessively hot room, in the wind. Smoking provokes the development of a dry eye.